• Recognise reflection symmetry.
  • Recognise where a shape will be after reflection.
  • Recognise where a shape will be after a translation.


  • Understand and use the language and notation associated with reflections, translations and rotations.
  • Recognise and visualise the transformation and symmetry of a 2-D shape:
    • reflection in given mirror lines, and line symmetry;
    • rotation about a given point, and rotation symmetry;
    • translation;
  • explore these transformations and symmetries using ICT.
  • Solve word problems and investigate in a range of contexts: shape and space.
  • Suggest extensions to problems by asking ‘What if...?’; begin to generalise and to understand the significance of a counter-example.


  • Transform 2-D shapes by simple combinations of rotations, reflections and translations, on paper and using ICT; identify all the symmetries of 2-D shapes.
  • Understand and use the language and notation associated with enlargement; enlarge 2-D shapes, given a centre of enlargement and a positive whole-number scale factor.

Key Vocabulary:

  • shape, mirror line, line / axis of symmetry, reflection symmetry, object, image, congruent, reflect, reflection, horizontal, vertical, coordinates, grid, quadrant, vertices, translate, translation, rotate, rotation, centre of rotation, degree º, direction, transform, transformation.

Suggested Lesson Outcomes:



external image pdf.png Frmwk-202-205-CombinedTransformations.pdf
external image pdf.png Frmwk-206-207-Symmetry.pdf
external image pdf.png Frmwk-208-211-Rotations.pdf
external image pdf.png Frmwk-212-Tranlations.pdf
external image pdf.png Frmwk-213-215-Enlargements.pdf

Teaching & Learning Resources:

Translation Resources
Reflection Resources
Rotation Resources
Enlargement Resources
Ratio Resources